The aim of physiotherapy treatment is to help restore movement and normal body function in cases of illness, injury and disability.
As well as treating a specific problem, the physiotherapist may also suggest ways you can improve your general wellbeing – for example, by taking regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight for your height and build.
Physiotherapists take a Biopyschosocial and holistic approach, looking at the body as a whole rather than focusing on the individual factors of an injury or illness.
The physiotherapist will look at your individual situation. As well as treating the problem, they may also suggest things you can do on a daily basis to help relieve pain and discomfort.
Physiotherapists use a wide range of treatment techniques and approaches.
Some of these are described below:
- Manual therapy techniques – where the physiotherapist aids recovery by using their hands to relieve muscle pain and stiffness, and encourage blood flow to an injured part of the body
- Mobilisation - where the therapist uses smooth movements of 2 or 3 seconds of small or large force anywhere within the range of movement of the joint.
- Manipulation - is the next step from mobilisation, where the therapist applies a thrust of small force on the joint at the end of its range of movement.
- Movement and exercise – taking into account a person’s current level of health and their specific requirements
- Other techniques – such as electrotherapy, heat, cold and acupuncture to ease pain